Abstract—The stability of water clusters containing nitrogen oxide molecules is studied by the molecular dynamics method. The composition and size of thermodynamically stable heteroclusters are determined. The inclusion of two molecules of nitrogen oxide into aggregates containing seven or more water molecule increases the
cluster stability. The correlation between the stability of
heteroclusters and the ratio of self-diffusion coefficients of
molecules of different kinds is observed. The real part of the cluster
permittivity is maximal in the vicinity of the frequency of 200 cm–1. The inclusion of nitrogen oxide molecules into water clusters increases the characteristic frequency of dielectric relaxation. In general, heteroclusters are more stable with respect to perturbations caused by an external electric field than pure clusters with the same number of water molecules. The clusterization of water vapors accompanied by absorption of polar molecules of impurity favors a decrease in the greenhouse effect.