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Главная » Статьи » Silicon » 2009

Molecular dynamics study of hydrogenated silicon clusters at high temperatures

Molecular Physics. 2009, Vol. 107, 2555–2568

Molecular dynamics study of hydrogenated silicon clusters at high temperatures

 Alexander Y. Galashev

Abstract. This paper reports on a study of the stability of silicon clusters of intermediate size at a high temperature. The temperature dependence of the physicochemical properties of 60- and 73-atom silicon nanoparticles are investigated using the molecular dynamics method. The 73-atom particles have a crystal structure, a random atomic packing, and a packing formed by inserting a 13-atom icosahedron into a 60-atom fullerene. They are surrounded by a ‘coat’ from 60 atoms of hydrogen. The nanoassembled particle at the presence of a hydrogen ‘coat’ has the most stable number (close to four) of Si–Si bonds per atom. The structure and kinetic properties of a hollow single-layer fullerene-structured Si60 cluster are considered in the temperature range 10K ≤T≤1760 K. Five series of calculations are conducted, with a simulation of several media inside and outside the Si60 cluster, specifically, the vacuum and interior spaces filled with 30 and 60 hydrogen atoms with and without the exterior hydrogen environment of 60 atoms. Fullerene surrounded by a hydrogen ‘coat’ and containing 60 hydrogen atoms in the interior space has a higher stability. Such clusters have smaller self-diffusion coefficients at high temperatures. The fullerene stabilized with hydrogen is stable to the formation of linear atomic chains up to the temperatures 270–280 K.


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